Since you are not logged in, some functions (such as the OCR button) have been disabled. To use all website features, please create an account. Handbook of Classical Sanskrit Rhetoric / 208 Image 208 of 262 (Page 152) History ← → Proofed once Layout Image right, text left Image above, text below Markup Mark as error Mark as fix Mark as unclear Mark as footnote number Tools : (colon) → ः (visarga) S → ऽ (avagraha) Transliterator From: Harvard-Kyoto ("aGka" → अङ्क) ITRANS ("a~Nka" → अङ्क) OPTITRANS ("anka" → अङ्क) To: Devanagari IAST Transliterate selected text Characters Click a character to copy it. Ā ā Á á Â â À à Ī ī Í í Î î Ì ì Ū ū Ú ú Û û Ù ù Ṛ ṛ Ṝ ṝ Ḷ ḷ Ḹ ḹ Ē ē É é Ê ê È è Ō ō Ó ó Ô ô Ò ò Ḥ ḥ Ṁ ṁ Ṃ ṃ Ṅ ṅ Ñ ñ Ṇ ṇ Ṭ ṭ Ḍ ḍ Ś ś Ṣ ṣ Ç ç । ॥ ऽ ॰ ꣲ ꣳ Help A+ A- cause is the immediate antecedent of its effect and, therefore, an effect cannot arise without its proper cause. But in case of poetic statement, even in the absence of the real cause, its effect may be seen due to poet's imagination. Practically speaking the poet is very much conscious of the matter-of-fact relation of cause and effect, but his imaginative faculty inspires him to express an extraordinary idea through such device by which he tries to emphasise some particular idea in this uncommon way which we try to explain through a special rhetorical analysis. According to Bhāmaha and Ruyyaka, in the process of Vibhāvanā, the result of the effect is perceived after the prohibition of the effect. Bhoja thinks that the usual cause is denied here but another uncommon or insignificant cause may be represented. Here the name Vibhāvanā is very significant since the effect even without its particular cause, is seen to be appearing. But in process of such causation though based on contrast, we find some unusual cause (due to the absence of the real cause); therefore, it is not actual contrast (virodha). Ruyyaka observes that such figurative speech is generally based on some hyperbolic statement. Two main varieties of Vibhāvāna have been recognised: (i) one based on natural cause and (ii) the other based on uncommon cause. eg 1. anāyāsa-kṛśaṃ madhyam/ aśaṅka-tarale dṛśau. abhūṣaṇa-manohāri / vapur vayasi subhruvaḥ. अनायासकृशं मध्यमशङ्कतरले दृशौ । अभूषण-मनोहारि वपुर्वयसि सुभ्रुवः ॥ Her waist is thin without any labour, Eyes fickle without any cause of fear, And her frame attractive without decoration, In tender age shines the fair-eyed maiden. 2. anadhyayana-vidvāṃso / nirdravya-parameśvarāḥ. analaṃkāra-subhagāḥ / pāntu yuṣmāñ jineśvarāḥ. अनध्ययन-विद्वांसो / निर्द्रव्य-परमेश्वराः । अनलंकारसुभगाः / पान्तु युष्माञ् जिनेश्वराः ॥ 🔍+ 🔍° 🔍- ⟲ ⟳ Edit summary (optional) Status Needs more work Proofed once Proofed twice Not relevant Only registered users can save changes. Create an account or sign in to save your changes.