Since you are not logged in, some functions (such as the OCR button) have been disabled. To use all website features, please create an account. Handbook of Classical Sanskrit Rhetoric / 112 Image 112 of 262 (Page 56) History ← → Proofed once Layout Image right, text left Image above, text below Markup Mark as error Mark as fix Mark as unclear Mark as footnote number Tools : (colon) → ः (visarga) S → ऽ (avagraha) Transliterator From: Harvard-Kyoto ("aGka" → अङ्क) ITRANS ("a~Nka" → अङ्क) OPTITRANS ("anka" → अङ्क) To: Devanagari IAST Transliterate selected text Characters Click a character to copy it. Ā ā Á á Â â À à Ī ī Í í Î î Ì ì Ū ū Ú ú Û û Ù ù Ṛ ṛ Ṝ ṝ Ḷ ḷ Ḹ ḹ Ē ē É é Ê ê È è Ō ō Ó ó Ô ô Ò ò Ḥ ḥ Ṁ ṁ Ṃ ṃ Ṅ ṅ Ñ ñ Ṇ ṇ Ṭ ṭ Ḍ ḍ Ś ś Ṣ ṣ Ç ç । ॥ ऽ ॰ ꣲ ꣳ Help A+ A- <headword>उपमा</headword> उपमा Upamā : Simile : It is upa √mā (< māti) to measure, limit, compare with, prepare, arrange; upamā literally means resemblance, comparison, similarity, likeness etc. As a figure of speech Upamā (Simile Latin similus like) is the explicit statement of similarity existing between two or more things. Therefore, resemblance (sādṛsya) is the basic principle of simile. Rhetorically such resemblance is a kind of symbolism of lan- guage and this literary device is the best gift of human speech for the poets and writers. Similarity or resemblance between one and the other has been expressed in so many ways in literatures of the world. All language is metaphor and all metaphor is another kind of simile; each and every successful simile is also a metaphor. Simile or metaphor is unavoidable in language. Rhetorically simile is founded entirely on resemblance which one object bears to another. Logically sādṛśya or resemblance is based on the similarity of the qualities to the maximum extent between two objects though they are basically different. Simile or metaphor creates an agreeable image and prints the idea more specifically and clearly in the mind of the reader. In classification methodology, upamā or sādṛsya is considered as one the distinguishing attributes of things of the similar nature. Rhetorical features of Upamā are as follows: (i) there are two similar things--upameya ie the object of comparison or the thing compared to, and upamāna ie the standard of comparison as well as their common attribute (sādhāraṇa dharma), (ii) the object of comparison and the standard of compari- son must be different in kind, (iii) resemblance between the two should be explicitly stated and not implied, (iv) resemblance should be artistically agreeable, sponta- neous and self-evident, (v) no contrast or disagreeableness or difference between the two should be expressly stated. In such comparison between two different objects, normally the upameya (ie the object of comparison) is projected as superior 🔍+ 🔍° 🔍- ⟲ ⟳ Edit summary (optional) Status Needs more work Proofed once Proofed twice Not relevant Only registered users can save changes. Create an account or sign in to save your changes.